PMMM (Pier Migrant Mangrove Museum)
We envision The Pier-Museum not only as a commemorative space for the new urban and multicultural crossbreeding in the 21st century, but also as an ecological assistant devise.
Impoverishment of the Caribbean water quality, among other factors has caused the disparition of 50% of the Caribbean coral reef. Pollution, water increasing acidity levels and synthetic chemicals can be gradually clean out by a system of living buildings ecosystems. So we think of the building as a environ-mental responsible and cultural enriching experience entity.
The system and the City
As one walks through the Fifth Avenue and approaches to the Lumus Park, a wooden floor begins to merge, gradually transforming itself on a series of public furniture and pedestrian walks. Continuing to the sea, this structure will begin to rise and by touching the beach, a node of stairs and showers welcome the beach pedestrian visitor to climb high deck. Continuing walking and you will discover a great view: Upper deck shaded by big mangroves that emerge from the circulation patio of the building, water reflections from the sea visitor’s disembarkation lower pier, and the skyline of Miami Downtown.
Two glass/wooden box-shaped structures, one at each end of the building, stand out from the great main deck, where two staircases and elevators lead the visitor to the three-story building. At the first floor, an open, double-high reception welcomes the visitor open itself to the mangrove main patio. A framed glass-door introduces the visitor to the multiple bridges that connect each space of the building.
The project emerges from the idea of redistributing the inner area to the five allowed “cantilever” meters. So we produce an interior space full of vegetation and water known as “the floating forest”. Architecture, water and vegetation will make one whole element. At this space, the visitor will be able to enjoy the different exhibitions throughout an open shaded patio circulation that will provide a unique pleasant experience.
A Floting Revitalizing Tropical Forest
Made up of mangroves, environmental benefits:
-Trap debris and silt that will contribute to soil formation and stabilizing the coastline.
-Act as a filtering system for the run-off and ground waters, clarifying adjacent open water, which makes photosynthesis in marine plants easier. Mangroves will also help to avoid other forms of pollution, including excess amounts of nitrogen and phosphorous, petroleum products, and halogenated compounds. Mangroves will stop these contaminants from polluting the ocean waters through a process called rhizofiltration.
-Protect coastal land by absorbing the energy of storm -driven wave and wind action- and create a natural breakwater that will help stop erosion, will prevent a great deal of property damage and sometimes even human death.
-Serve as a nursery and refuge for many juvenile fish and invertebrates and birds.
The Building Living Mangrove
According to studies carried out by the Reef Ball Mangrove Solution division of Reef Ball Foundation Inc., it is possible to restore the mangroves or to create them through the implementation of a system based on the collaboration of the reef balls in the intertidal zone. Reef Balls are made by pouring concrete into a fiberglass mold (shown) containing a central Polyform buoy surrounded by various sized inflatable balls to make holes. There are over a dozen different standard mold sizes and custom sizes are possible. Molds obtained from the Reef Ball Foundation are generally supplied with spare parts, tool kits, starting concrete additive supplies, and training. Sometimes, additional items such as coral propagation kits are added. Usually, clients only need to supply some plywood to build the base, a source of compressed air, and a fresh water supply. Any type of concrete can generally be used, including end-of-day waste, but additives such as microsilica and a high range water reducer are needed to give the Reef Balls high strength and to make the concrete suitable for marine life growth.
Steps to be followed:
1.It is important to mention that the Reef Ball is under strict quality controls with the main goal being to create excellent conditions to increase biodiversity through a natural appearance and by the use of a high resistance concrete.
2.At the project area, the reef balls are placed in their position through floating buoys and the assistance of a specialized group of divers.
3.When the reef balls are under water, they are capable of resisting ocean currents and strong winds, such as hurricanes, due to their weight located in their base. The holes are strategically placed in order to avoid them from moving due to tides.
4.Once the reef balls are placed, a special container is set inside each ball with all necessary equipment (a slow-release fertilizer and a fixation anchor) to allow the mangrove grow.
5.Finally, as all the important components that made up the mangrove are in their correct place, the implementation of the reef ball will star, creating as a result a wonderful “marine forest”.
Design Architect: Paul Cremoux W. / Manuel Ángel Bugallo O.
Production team: Same
Client: University of Miami / Arquitectum
Location: Miami, Florida.
Area: 2,190m² / 23,573sq. ft.